Kerosene lighting contributes to household air pollution in rural Uganda

D. Muyanja, J. G. Allen, J. Vallarino, L. Valeri, B. Kakuhikire, David Bangsberg, D. C. Christiani, A. C. Tsai, P. S. Lai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The literature on the contribution of kerosene lighting to indoor air particulate concentrations is sparse. In rural Uganda, kitchens are almost universally located outside the main home, and kerosene is often used for lighting. In this study, we obtained longitudinal measures of particulate matter 2.5 microns or smaller in size (PM2.5) from living rooms and kitchens of 88 households in rural Uganda. Linear mixed-effects models with a random intercept for household were used to test the hypotheses that primary reported lighting source and kitchen location (indoor vs outdoor) are associated with PM2.5 levels. During initial testing, households reported using the following sources of lighting: open-wick kerosene (19.3%), hurricane kerosene (45.5%), battery-powered (33.0%), and solar (1.1%) lamps. During follow-up testing, these proportions changed to 29.5%, 35.2%, 18.2%, and 9.1%, respectively. Average ambient, living room, and kitchen PM2.5 levels were 20.2, 35.2, and 270.0 μg/m3. Living rooms using open-wick kerosene lamps had the highest PM2.5 levels (55.3 μg/m3) compared to those using solar lighting (19.4 μg/m3; open wick vs solar, P=.01); 27.6% of homes using open-wick kerosene lamps met World Health Organization indoor air quality standards compared to 75.0% in homes using solar lighting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalIndoor Air
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

Fingerprint

Kerosene
Uganda
Air Pollution
Lighting
Air pollution
Capillary Action
Kitchens
Electric lamps
Indoor Air Pollution
Air quality standards
Cyclonic Storms
Particulate Matter
Hurricanes
Testing
Air
Health

Keywords

  • Cookstove
  • Indoor air pollution
  • Kerosene
  • PM
  • Resource-limited setting
  • Uganda

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Muyanja, D., Allen, J. G., Vallarino, J., Valeri, L., Kakuhikire, B., Bangsberg, D., ... Lai, P. S. (Accepted/In press). Kerosene lighting contributes to household air pollution in rural Uganda. Indoor Air. https://doi.org/10.1111/ina.12377

Kerosene lighting contributes to household air pollution in rural Uganda. / Muyanja, D.; Allen, J. G.; Vallarino, J.; Valeri, L.; Kakuhikire, B.; Bangsberg, David; Christiani, D. C.; Tsai, A. C.; Lai, P. S.

In: Indoor Air, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Muyanja, D, Allen, JG, Vallarino, J, Valeri, L, Kakuhikire, B, Bangsberg, D, Christiani, DC, Tsai, AC & Lai, PS 2017, 'Kerosene lighting contributes to household air pollution in rural Uganda', Indoor Air. https://doi.org/10.1111/ina.12377
Muyanja, D. ; Allen, J. G. ; Vallarino, J. ; Valeri, L. ; Kakuhikire, B. ; Bangsberg, David ; Christiani, D. C. ; Tsai, A. C. ; Lai, P. S. / Kerosene lighting contributes to household air pollution in rural Uganda. In: Indoor Air. 2017.
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