Background: This analysis assessed improvements in patients with radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (r-axSpA) treated with ixekizumab in the Assessment of Spondyloarthritis International Society (ASAS) treatment response domains and additional patient-reported outcomes at 1 year of treatment. Methods: COAST-V and COAST-W were 52-week, phase 3, randomized controlled trials evaluating the efficacy and safety of ixekizumab in biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (bDMARD)-naïve and tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi)-experienced patients with radiographic spondyloarthritis, respectively. Patients were treated with 80-mg ixekizumab either every 2 weeks or every 4 weeks. Patient-reported outcomes included Patient Global Disease Activity, Spinal Pain, stiffness as measured by Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) Questions 5 and 6, function as measured by the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index, fatigue as measured by the Fatigue Numeric Rating Scale and BASDAI question 1, Spinal Pain at Night, and sleep quality as measured by the Jenkins Sleep Evaluation Questionnaire. Mixed-effects models for repeated measures were used to analyze changes from baseline in patient-reported outcomes from weeks 1 to 16, and descriptive statistics were reported from weeks 20 to 52. Analysis of covariance with Scheffé’s method was used for the ASAS response association analyses. Results: This study assessed 341 bDMARD-naïve and 316 TNFi-experienced patients in the placebo-controlled blinded treatment dosing period (weeks 1–16) as well as 329 bDMARD-naïve and 281 TNFi-experienced patients in the dose double-blind extended treatment period (weeks 20–52). bDMARD-naïve or TNFi-experienced patients treated with ixekizumab every 2 weeks and every 4 weeks reported improvements in patient global disease activity, spinal pain, function, stiffness, fatigue, spinal pain at night, and sleep quality through week 52. Greater correlations with improvements in all response domains were seen when comparing ASAS40 responders to ASAS20 non-responders (p < 0.001), with up to 10.5-fold greater improvements observed in ASAS40 responses compared with ASAS20 non-responders. Function and fatigue demonstrated the highest values. Conclusions: Ixekizumab-treated bDMARD-naïve and TNFi-experienced patients with radiographic axial spondyloarthritis achieving ASAS40 reported sustained and consistent improvement in all ASAS response domains and other patient-reported outcomes though week 52, with spinal pain, function, and stiffness as major drivers of the response. Trial registration: NCT02696785 and NCT02696798, March 2, 2016.
- Radiographic axial spondyloarthritis
- Spinal pain
ASJC Scopus subject areas