BACKGROUND: There is limited information regarding the clinical use and effectiveness of IV sotalol in pediatric patients and patients with congenital heart disease, including those with severe myocardial dysfunction. A multicenter registry study was designed to evaluate the safety, efficacy, and dosing of IV sotalol. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 85 patients (age 1 day–36 years) received IV sotalol, of whom 45 (53%) had additional congenital cardiac diagnoses and 4 (5%) were greater than 18 years of age. In 79 patients (93%), IV sotalol was used to treat supraventricular tachycardia and 4 (5%) received it to treat ventricular arrhythmias. Severely decreased cardiac function by echocardiography was seen before IV sotalol in 7 (9%). The average dose was 1 mg/kg (range 0.5–1.8 mg/kg/dose) over a median of 60 minutes (range 30–300 minutes). Successful arrhythmia termination occurred in 31 patients (49%, 95% CI [37%– 62%]) with improvement in rhythm control defined as rate reduction permitting overdrive pacing in an additional 18 patients (30%, 95% CI [19%–41%]). Eleven patients (16%) had significant QTc prolongation to >465 milliseconds after the infusion, with 3 (4%) to >500 milliseconds. There were 2 patients (2%) for whom the infusion was terminated early. CONCLUSIONS: IV sotalol was safe and effective for termination or improvement of tachyarrhythmias in 79% of pediatric patients and patients with congenital heart disease, including those with severely depressed cardiac function. The most common dose, for both acute and maintenance dosing, was 1 mg/kg over ~60 minutes with rare serious complications.
- IV sotalol ■ pediatrics ■ supraventricular tachycardia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine