The gene (ARD) that encodes NAD-dependent d-arabinitol dehydrogenase (ArDH) in the pathogenic fungus Candida tropicalis (Ct) was cloned by transforming Escherichia coli (Ec) BW31M (araC) with a plasmid library of Ct genomic DNA and selecting for d-arabinitol-utilizing (d-arab+) clones. Plasmid DNA from a d-arab+ clone retransformed fresh Ec BW31M cells to d-arab+; these cells produced both ArDH catalytic activity and a 31-kDa protein recognized by antibodies to native Ct ArDH. The plasmid contained an 846-bp open reading frame (ORF) that encoded a deduced protein of 282 amino acids (aa) (30 748 Da). Four partial aa sequences from Ct ArDH were present in the deduced aa sequence, thus verifying that Ct ARD had been cloned. Ct ArDH was 95% identical to ArDH from Candida albicans (Ca), 85% identical to a xylitol dehydrogenase (XDH) from Pichia stipitis (Ps) and 20-25% identical to many other short-chain dehydrogenases. Ct ArDH, Ca ArDH and Ps XDH were typical short-chain dehydrogenases except that they lacked an N-terminal Gly that is conserved in other members of this family. Thus, these enzymes may represent a subclass of closely-related fungal pentitol dehydrogenases. Large amounts of recombinant ArDH (re-ArDH) were produced in Ec and purified by dye ligand affinity chromatography. The physical and catalytic properties of re-ArDH were similar to those of native Ct ArDH, and re-ArDH and native ArDH performed similarly in an automated enzymatic assay for d-arabinitol in human serum.
- diagnostic marker
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