Isolation and Characterization of primary human trabecular meshwork cells from segmental flow regions: New tools for understanding segmental flow

Julia Staverosky, Kamesh Dhamodaran, Ted Acott, Vijay Krishna Raghunathan, Janice Vranka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Segmental flow in the human trabecular meshwork is a well-documented phenomenon but in depth mechanistic investigations of high flow (HF) and low flow (LF) regions are restricted due to the small amount of tissue available from a single donor. To address this issue we have generated and characterized multiple paired HF and LF cell strains. Here paired HF and LF cell strains were generated from single donors. Cells were characterized for growth and proliferation, as well as gene and protein expression of potential segmental region markers. Cells isolated from HF and LF regions have similar growth and proliferation rates. Gene expression data reveals vascular cell adhesion protein 1 (VCAM1), thrombospondin 2 (THBS2), and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP1) are potential markers of LF cells in vitro. Protein expression of VCAM1, THBS2 and TIMP1 are complex and may reflect the dynamic nature of the TM. Initial protein expression levels of these genes is either similar between HF and LF cells (VCAM1, THBS2), or higher in HF compared to LF in some strains (TIMP1). However, after long term culture LF cells express higher levels of VCAM1, TIMP1 and THBS2 protein compared to HF cells. HF and LF cell strains are a powerful new tool that enable understanding segmental flow allowing for multiple experiments on the same genetic background.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number108046
JournalExperimental Eye Research
Volume197
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Anterior segment
  • Aqueous humor outflow
  • Glaucoma
  • Segmental outflow
  • Trabecular meshwork

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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