Is off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting superior to conventional bypass in octogenarians?

Damien J. Lapar, Castigliano M. Bhamidipati, T. Brett Reece, Joseph C. Cleveland, Irving L. Kron, Gorav Ailawadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Selected patients appear to benefit from off-pump coronary artery bypass compared with conventional coronary artery bypass with cardiopulmonary bypass. It is unknown whether elderly patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting operations derive any benefit when performed off-pump. We hypothesized that off-pump coronary bypass offers a greater operative benefit to elderly patients when compared with conventional coronary artery bypass. Methods: A total of 1993 elderly patients (age ≥ 80 years) underwent isolated, primary coronary artery bypass graft operations at 16 different statewide centers from 2003 to 2008. Patients were stratified into 2 groups: conven-tional coronary artery bypass (n = 1589, age = 82.5 ± 2.4 years) and off-pump bypass (n = 404, age = 83.0 ± 2.4 years). Preoperative risk, intraoperative findings, postoperative complications, and costs were evaluated. Results: Patients undergoing off-pump bypass grafting were marginally older (P = .001) and had higher rates of preoperative atrial fibrillation (14.6% vs 10.0%; P = .01) and New York Heart Association class IV heart failure (29.7% vs 21.1%; P < .001) than did those having conventional coronary bypass grafting. Other patient risk factors and operative variables, including Society of Thoracic Surgeons predicted risk of mortality, were similar in both groups (P = .15). Compared with off-pump bypass, conventional coronary bypass incurred higher blood transfusion rates (2.0 ± 1.7 units vs 1.6 ± 1.9 units; P = .05) as well as more postoperative atrial fibrillation (28.4% vs 21.5%; P = .003), prolonged ventilation (14.7% vs 11.4%; P = .05), and major complications (20.1% vs 15.6%; P = .04). Importantly, postoperative stroke (2.6% vs 1.7%; P = .21), renal failure (8.1% vs 6.2%; P = .12), and postoperative length of stay (P = .41) were no different between groups. Despite more complications in patients having conventional bypass, operative mortality (P = .53) and hospital costs (P = .43) were similar to those of patients having off-pump procedures. Conclusions: Performance of coronary artery bypass grafting among octogenarian patients is safe and effective. Off-pump coronary artery bypass confers shorter postoperative ventilation but equivalent mortality to conventional coronary artery bypass. Off-pump coronary artery bypass was associated with a reduction in the composite incidence of major complications in unadjusted and adjusted analyses and should be considered an acceptable alternative to conventional bypass for myocardial revascularization in elderly patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-90
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume141
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

Keywords

  • CABG
  • CPB
  • ITA
  • NYHA
  • New York Heart Association
  • OPCAB
  • PRBC
  • PROM
  • STS
  • Society of Thoracic Surgeons
  • VCSQI
  • Virginia Cardiac Surgery Quality Initiative
  • cardiopulmonary bypass
  • coronary artery bypass grafting with cardiopulmonary bypass
  • internal thoracic artery
  • off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting
  • packed red blood cell
  • predicted risk of mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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