Is laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy safer than laparoscopic gastric bypass? a comparison of 30-day complications using the MBSAQIP data registry

Sandhya B. Kumar, Barbara C. Hamilton, Stephanie Wood, Stanley J. Rogers, Jonathan T. Carter, Matthew Y. Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has become popular due to its technical ease and excellent short-term results. Understanding the risk profile of LSG compared with the gold standard laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is critical for patient selection. Objectives: To use traditional regression techniques and random forest classification algorithms to compare LSG with LRYGB using the 2015 Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Data Registry. Setting: United States. Methods: Outcomes were leak, morbidity, and mortality within 30 days. Variable importance was assessed using random forest algorithms. Multivariate models were created in a training set and evaluated on the testing set with receiver operating characteristic curves. The adjusted odds of each outcome were compared. Results: Of 134,142 patients, 93,062 (69%) underwent LSG and 41,080 (31%) underwent LRYGB. One hundred seventy-eight deaths occurred in 96 (.1%) of LSG patients compared with 82 (.2%) of LRYGB patients (P<.001). Morbidity occurred in 8% (5.8% in LSG versus 11.7% in LRYGB, P<.001). Leaks occurred in 1% (.8% in LSG versus 1.6% in LRYGB, P<.001). The most important predictors of all outcomes were body mass index, albumin, and age. In the adjusted multivariate models, LRYGB had higher odds of all complications (leak: odds ratio 2.10, P<.001; morbidity: odds ratio 2.02, P<.001; death: odds ratio 1.64, P<.01). Conclusion: In the Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvements data registry for 2015, LSG had half the risk-adjusted odds of death, serious morbidity, and leak in the first 30 days compared with LRYGB.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)264-269
Number of pages6
JournalSurgery for Obesity and Related Diseases
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
  • Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy
  • MBSAQIP
  • Perioperative complications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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