Is emergency department crowding associated with increased "bounceback" admissions?

Renee Y. Hsia, Steven M. Asch, Robert E. Weiss, David Zingmond, Gelareh Gabayan, Li Jung Liang, Weijuan Han, Heather McCreath, Benjamin Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Emergency department (ED) crowding is linked with poor quality of care and worse outcomes, including higher mortality. With the growing emphasis on hospital performance measures, there is additional concern whether inadequate care during crowded periods increases a patient's likelihood of subsequent inpatient admission. We sought to determine if ED crowding during the index visit was associated with these "bounceback" admissions. Methods: We used comprehensive, nonpublic, statewide ED and inpatient discharge data from the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development from 2007 to identify index outpatient ED visits and bounceback admissions within 7 days. We further used ambulance diversion data collected from California local emergency medical services agencies to identify crowded days using intrahospital daily diversion hour quartiles. Using a hierarchical logistic regression model, we then determined if patients visiting on crowded days were more likely to have a subsequent bounceback admission. Results: We analyzed 3,368,527 index visits across 202 hospitals, of which 596,471 (17.7%) observations were on crowded days. We found no association between ED crowding and bounceback admissions. This lack of relationship persisted in both a discrete (high/low) model (OR, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.99, 1.02) and a secondary model using ambulance diversion hours as a continuous predictor (OR, 1.00; 95% CI, 1.00, 1.00). Conclusions: Crowding as measured by ambulance diversion does not have an association with hospitalization within 7 days of an ED visit discharge. Therefore, bounceback admission may be a poor measure of delayed or worsened quality of care due to crowding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1008-1014
Number of pages7
JournalMedical Care
Volume51
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013

Fingerprint

Ambulance Diversion
Hospital Emergency Service
Quality of Health Care
Inpatients
Logistic Models
Health Planning
Emergency Medical Services
Hospitalization
Outpatients
Mortality

Keywords

  • Bouceback admissions
  • Emergency department crowding
  • Quality measures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Hsia, R. Y., Asch, S. M., Weiss, R. E., Zingmond, D., Gabayan, G., Liang, L. J., ... Sun, B. (2013). Is emergency department crowding associated with increased "bounceback" admissions? Medical Care, 51(11), 1008-1014. https://doi.org/10.1097/MLR.0b013e3182a98310

Is emergency department crowding associated with increased "bounceback" admissions? / Hsia, Renee Y.; Asch, Steven M.; Weiss, Robert E.; Zingmond, David; Gabayan, Gelareh; Liang, Li Jung; Han, Weijuan; McCreath, Heather; Sun, Benjamin.

In: Medical Care, Vol. 51, No. 11, 11.2013, p. 1008-1014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hsia, RY, Asch, SM, Weiss, RE, Zingmond, D, Gabayan, G, Liang, LJ, Han, W, McCreath, H & Sun, B 2013, 'Is emergency department crowding associated with increased "bounceback" admissions?', Medical Care, vol. 51, no. 11, pp. 1008-1014. https://doi.org/10.1097/MLR.0b013e3182a98310
Hsia RY, Asch SM, Weiss RE, Zingmond D, Gabayan G, Liang LJ et al. Is emergency department crowding associated with increased "bounceback" admissions? Medical Care. 2013 Nov;51(11):1008-1014. https://doi.org/10.1097/MLR.0b013e3182a98310
Hsia, Renee Y. ; Asch, Steven M. ; Weiss, Robert E. ; Zingmond, David ; Gabayan, Gelareh ; Liang, Li Jung ; Han, Weijuan ; McCreath, Heather ; Sun, Benjamin. / Is emergency department crowding associated with increased "bounceback" admissions?. In: Medical Care. 2013 ; Vol. 51, No. 11. pp. 1008-1014.
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