Iron-responsive elements: Regulatory RNA sequences that control mRNA levels and translation

John L. Casey, Matthias W. Hentze, David Koeller, S. Wright Caughman, Tracey A. Rouault, Richard D. Klausner, Joe B. Harford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

466 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The biosynthetic rates for both the transferrin receptor (TfR) and ferritin are regulated by iron. An iron-responsive element (IRE) in the 5′ untranslated portion of the ferritin messenger RNA (mRNA) mediates iron-dependent control of its translation. In this report the 3′ untranslated region of the mRNA for the human TfR was shown to be necessary and sufficient for iron-dependent control of mRNA levels. Deletion studies identified a 678-nucleotide fragment of the TfR complementary DNA that is critical for this iron regulation. Five potential stem-loops that resemble the ferritin IRE are contained within the region critical for TfR regulation. Each of two of the five TfR elements was independently inserted into the 5′ untranslated region of an indicator gene transcript. In this location they conferred iron regulation of translation. Thus, an mRNA element has been implicated in the mediation of distinct regulatory phenomena dependent on the context of the element within the transcript.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)924-928
Number of pages5
JournalScience
Volume240
Issue number4854
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Ribonucleic Acid Regulatory Sequences
Transferrin Receptors
Iron
Messenger RNA
Ferritins
5' Untranslated Regions
3' Untranslated Regions
Nucleotides
Complementary DNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Casey, J. L., Hentze, M. W., Koeller, D., Wright Caughman, S., Rouault, T. A., Klausner, R. D., & Harford, J. B. (1988). Iron-responsive elements: Regulatory RNA sequences that control mRNA levels and translation. Science, 240(4854), 924-928.

Iron-responsive elements : Regulatory RNA sequences that control mRNA levels and translation. / Casey, John L.; Hentze, Matthias W.; Koeller, David; Wright Caughman, S.; Rouault, Tracey A.; Klausner, Richard D.; Harford, Joe B.

In: Science, Vol. 240, No. 4854, 1988, p. 924-928.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Casey, JL, Hentze, MW, Koeller, D, Wright Caughman, S, Rouault, TA, Klausner, RD & Harford, JB 1988, 'Iron-responsive elements: Regulatory RNA sequences that control mRNA levels and translation', Science, vol. 240, no. 4854, pp. 924-928.
Casey JL, Hentze MW, Koeller D, Wright Caughman S, Rouault TA, Klausner RD et al. Iron-responsive elements: Regulatory RNA sequences that control mRNA levels and translation. Science. 1988;240(4854):924-928.
Casey, John L. ; Hentze, Matthias W. ; Koeller, David ; Wright Caughman, S. ; Rouault, Tracey A. ; Klausner, Richard D. ; Harford, Joe B. / Iron-responsive elements : Regulatory RNA sequences that control mRNA levels and translation. In: Science. 1988 ; Vol. 240, No. 4854. pp. 924-928.
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