Invasive Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infections Among Persons Who Inject Drugs - Six Sites, 2005-2016

Kelly A. Jackson, Michele K. Bohm, John T. Brooks, Alice Asher, Joelle Nadle, Wendy M. Bamberg, Sue Petit, Susan M. Ray, Lee H. Harrison, Ruth Lynfield, Ghinwa Dumyati, William Schaffner, John Townes, Isaac See

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the United States, age-adjusted opioid overdose death rates increased by >200% during 1999-2015, and heroin overdose death rates increased nearly 300% during 2011-2015 (1). During 2011-2013, the rate of heroin use within the past year among U.S. residents aged ≥12 years increased 62.5% overall and 114.3% among non-Hispanic whites, compared with 2002-2004 (2). Increases in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections related to increases in injection drug use have been recently highlighted (3,4); likewise, invasive bacterial infections, including endocarditis, osteomyelitis, and skin and soft tissue infections, have increased in areas where the opioid epidemic is expanding (5-7). To assess the effects of the opioid epidemic on invasive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections during 2005-2016, surveillance data from CDC's Emerging Infections Program (EIP) were analyzed (8). Persons who inject drugs were estimated to be 16.3 times more likely to develop invasive MRSA infections than others. The proportion of invasive MRSA cases that occurred among persons who inject drugs increased from 4.1% in 2011 to 9.2% in 2016. Infection types were frequently those associated with nonsterile injection drug use. Continued increases in nonsterile injection drug use are likely to result in increases in invasive MRSA infections, underscoring the importance of public health measures to curb the opioid epidemic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)625-628
Number of pages4
JournalMMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report
Volume67
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 8 2018

Fingerprint

Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
drug use
death rate
Opioid Analgesics
drug
human being
Infection
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Heroin
Injections
contagious disease
surveillance
public health
Soft Tissue Infections
Mortality
resident
Virus Diseases
Osteomyelitis
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
Endocarditis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Health(social science)
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Health Information Management

Cite this

Invasive Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infections Among Persons Who Inject Drugs - Six Sites, 2005-2016. / Jackson, Kelly A.; Bohm, Michele K.; Brooks, John T.; Asher, Alice; Nadle, Joelle; Bamberg, Wendy M.; Petit, Sue; Ray, Susan M.; Harrison, Lee H.; Lynfield, Ruth; Dumyati, Ghinwa; Schaffner, William; Townes, John; See, Isaac.

In: MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report, Vol. 67, No. 22, 08.06.2018, p. 625-628.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jackson, KA, Bohm, MK, Brooks, JT, Asher, A, Nadle, J, Bamberg, WM, Petit, S, Ray, SM, Harrison, LH, Lynfield, R, Dumyati, G, Schaffner, W, Townes, J & See, I 2018, 'Invasive Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infections Among Persons Who Inject Drugs - Six Sites, 2005-2016', MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report, vol. 67, no. 22, pp. 625-628. https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6722a2
Jackson, Kelly A. ; Bohm, Michele K. ; Brooks, John T. ; Asher, Alice ; Nadle, Joelle ; Bamberg, Wendy M. ; Petit, Sue ; Ray, Susan M. ; Harrison, Lee H. ; Lynfield, Ruth ; Dumyati, Ghinwa ; Schaffner, William ; Townes, John ; See, Isaac. / Invasive Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infections Among Persons Who Inject Drugs - Six Sites, 2005-2016. In: MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report. 2018 ; Vol. 67, No. 22. pp. 625-628.
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