Intravitreal methotrexate as an adjunctive treatment of intraocular lymphoma

Barren C. Fishbume, David J. Wilson, James T. Rosenbaum, Edward A. Neuwdt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

152 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To develop a protocol for the treatment of intraocular lymphoma by the intravitreal injection of methotrexate. Methods: Patients whose results were negative for human immunodeficiency virus and who had pathologically confirmed intraocular lymphoma were eligible for participation in the study. A dose of 400 μg of methotrexate was given intravitreally twice weekly until the vitreous was clinically cleared of cells. Weekly injections were then given for 1 month, followed by monthly injections for 1 year. Results: Seven eyes of 4 patients were treated. Three patients have completed the protocol. To date, only 1 eye has suffered a significant loss of vision. No serious ocular toxic reaction has been identified. Conclusions: Survival rates and time to relapse for patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma have improved. The role of ocular radiation therapy must be weighed against the potential draw-backs. Injecting chemotherapeutic agents into the vitreous is worthy of consideration. Four patients treated to date at our institution have had promising results. Intravitreal chemotherapy may result in improved treatment of intraocular lymphoma with reduced morbidity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1152-1156
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of ophthalmology
Volume115
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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