Intravenous sedation vs general anesthesia for pediatric otolaryngology procedures

Samuel G. Shiley, Kirk Lalwani, Henry Milczuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To compare efficacy, safety, and hospital charges for common pediatric otolaryngology procedures with the use of intravenous sedation (IVS) vs general anesthesia (GA). Design: Retrospective chart study. Setting: Hospital-based pediatric otolaryngology practice. Patients: Patients younger than 18 years who underwent tympanostomy tube removal and/or patch myringoplasty with absorbable gelatin sponge, nasal ciliary biopsy, fine-needle aspiration, or other minor procedures between September 1, 1998, and August 31, 2001. Interventions: Procedures performed in 2 settings: outpatient clinic with IVS or operating room with GA. Main Outcome Measures: Procedure completion rate, tympanic membrane perforation rate after ear procedures, complications, and hospital charges. Results: Of 103 procedures, 54 were performed with IVS and 49 with GA. Within the GA group, 32 of 49 patients had additional operations performed and were excluded from analysis of safety and hospital charges. Procedure completion rate was 100% in both groups. The most common procedure was tympanostomy tube removal with patch myringoplasty (IVS, 52 ears; GA, 42 ears). The rate of persistent tympanic membrane perforation was similar between these groups (IVS, 7 [16%] of 45 ears; GA, 5 [15%] of 33; P=.96). All complications were minor and occurred at similar rates (IVS, 10 [19%] of 54 ears; GA, 3 [18%] of 17; P=.94). These events included hypoxia, airway obstruction, and bradycardia, all of which resolved spontaneously or responded to noninvasive interventions such as oxygen or repositioning. Average hospital charges were significantly higher for the GA group (IVS, $356.22; GA, $1516.55; P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)637-641
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Volume129
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2003

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Otolaryngology
General Anesthesia
Pediatrics
Hospital Charges
Ear
Myringoplasty
Tympanic Membrane Perforation
Middle Ear Ventilation
Absorbable Gelatin Sponge
Safety
Pediatric Hospitals
Airway Obstruction
Operating Rooms
Bradycardia
Fine Needle Biopsy
Ambulatory Care Facilities
Nose
Retrospective Studies
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Oxygen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Intravenous sedation vs general anesthesia for pediatric otolaryngology procedures. / Shiley, Samuel G.; Lalwani, Kirk; Milczuk, Henry.

In: Archives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Vol. 129, No. 6, 01.06.2003, p. 637-641.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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