Intraoperative urinary cyclic AMP monitoring in primary hyperparathyroidism

W. G. Schenk, M. Wills, M. S. MacLeod, J. B. Hanks, S. A. Wells, Dana Andersen, G. L. Irvin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: This study examined the utility of intraoperative urinary cyclic 3'5' adenosine monophosphate (UcAMP), an indicator of parathyroid (PTH) hormone end-organ activity, as a 'biochemical frozen section,' signaling the real-time resolution of PTH hyperactivity during surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism. Summary Background Data: The unsuccessful initial neck exploration for primary hyperparathyroidism, leaving the patient with persistent hyperfunctioning parathyroid tissue, results in part from the surgeon's inability intraoperatively to correlate a gland's gross appearance and size estimation with physiologic function. Preoperative imaging, intraoperative imaging, and intraoperative histologic/cytologic surveillance have not resolved this dilemma. Methods: Twenty-seven patients underwent a prospective intraoperative UcAMP monitoring protocol. The patients all had a clinical diagnosis of primary hyperparathyroidism and an average preoperative serum calcium of 12.0 ± 0.3 mg/dl. UcAMP was assayed intraoperatively using 20-minute nonequilibrium radioimmunoassay providing real-time feedback to the operating team. Results: All patients had an elevated UcAMP confirming PTh hyperactivity at the beginning of the procedure. One patient, subsequently found to have an supernumerary ectopic adenoma, had four normal glands identified intraoperatively, and his intraoperative UcAMP values corroborated persistent hyperparathyroidism, the UcAMP of the remaining 26 patients decreased from 7.0 ± 1.1 to 2.7 ± 0.7 nm.dl GF (p <.00005) after complete adenoma excision, and they remain normocalcemic. The protocol provided useful and relevant information to the operating team, and aided in surgical decision-making, in 10 of the 27 cases (37%). Conclusion: Intraoperative biochemical surveillance with ucAMP monitoring reliably signals resolution of PTH hyperfunction. It is a useful adjunct to the surgeon's skill, judgment, and experience in parathyroid surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)587-594
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Surgery
Volume217
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

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Primary Hyperparathyroidism
Adenosine Monophosphate
Cyclic AMP
Adenoma
Hyperparathyroidism
Frozen Sections
Parathyroid Hormone
Radioimmunoassay
Decision Making
Neck
Calcium
Serum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Schenk, W. G., Wills, M., MacLeod, M. S., Hanks, J. B., Wells, S. A., Andersen, D., & Irvin, G. L. (1993). Intraoperative urinary cyclic AMP monitoring in primary hyperparathyroidism. Annals of Surgery, 217(5), 587-594.

Intraoperative urinary cyclic AMP monitoring in primary hyperparathyroidism. / Schenk, W. G.; Wills, M.; MacLeod, M. S.; Hanks, J. B.; Wells, S. A.; Andersen, Dana; Irvin, G. L.

In: Annals of Surgery, Vol. 217, No. 5, 1993, p. 587-594.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schenk, WG, Wills, M, MacLeod, MS, Hanks, JB, Wells, SA, Andersen, D & Irvin, GL 1993, 'Intraoperative urinary cyclic AMP monitoring in primary hyperparathyroidism', Annals of Surgery, vol. 217, no. 5, pp. 587-594.
Schenk WG, Wills M, MacLeod MS, Hanks JB, Wells SA, Andersen D et al. Intraoperative urinary cyclic AMP monitoring in primary hyperparathyroidism. Annals of Surgery. 1993;217(5):587-594.
Schenk, W. G. ; Wills, M. ; MacLeod, M. S. ; Hanks, J. B. ; Wells, S. A. ; Andersen, Dana ; Irvin, G. L. / Intraoperative urinary cyclic AMP monitoring in primary hyperparathyroidism. In: Annals of Surgery. 1993 ; Vol. 217, No. 5. pp. 587-594.
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AU - Wells, S. A.

AU - Andersen, Dana

AU - Irvin, G. L.

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