Intramembranous absorption rate is unaffected by changes in amniotic fluid composition

D. Anderson, Q. Yang, A. Hohimer, J. Faber, G. Giraud, L. Davis

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19 Scopus citations


Experiments were performed to determine the effect of amniotic fluid dilution on the rate of intramembranous absorption. Seven fetal sheep at 118 days gestation were instrumented with a shunt between the trachea and esophagus and arterial and venous vascular catheters. In addition, the urachus of the fetal bladder was ligated, and a catheter was placed in the bladder. Ligation of the urachus does not interfere with urine flow into the amnion. After 5 days of recovery, fetuses were randomly assigned to one of two protocols; all fetuses completed both protocols. In the fetuses in the control period, continuous urine flow measurement was begun. In the fetuses assigned to the isovolumic dilution protocol, continuous urine flow measurement was also begun and, in addition, amniotic fluid was continually exchanged with lactated Ringer solution on an isovolumic basis. After 3-4 days, fetal blood pressures and amniotic fluid volumes were determined. Amniotic fluid volumes were determined by drainage. Each fetus was then assigned to the remaining protocol. The presence of the tracheal-esophageal shunt and the ligation of the urachus allowed the rate of intramembranous absorption to be calculated. Isovolumic exchange showed no effect on fetal vascular pressures, blood-gas values, or urine production. We could demonstrate no effect of isovolumic dilution of amniotic fluid on its volume. However, we were able to demonstrate an inverse relationship between amniotic fluid volume and intramembranous absorption (P < 0.02).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)F964-F968
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Issue number5 57-5
StatePublished - May 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Fetal fluid balance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Urology


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