INTRODUCTION:: Sinonasal hemangioma is a rare benign tumor of vascular endothelial cells. The pathogenesis is closely linked to abnormalities in the vascular endothelial growth factor signaling pathway. Multiple treatment modalities are available, though wide local excision remains the preferred treatment. Bevacizumab, an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor monoclonal antibody, has known efficacy against hemangiomas, though there are no cases of sinonasal hemangiomas managed with bevacizumab.
METHODS:: Case report.
RESULTS:: The authors review the case of a 67-year-old man with a left-sided nasal hemangioma originating from the nasal septum. He presented with progressive left nasal obstruction and recurrent epistaxis. At the time of his presentation, the lesion had recurred after 1 excision/polypectomy at an outside institution. He then underwent revision surgery via wide local excision and septoplasty. After tumor recurrence following the revision surgery, the hemangioma was noted to recur on 1 year postoperative surveillance nasal endoscopy. In-office intralesional injection of 50 mg bevacizumab was then performed under endoscopic visualization. No improvement in the tumor size was noted at 2 months after injection, with the tumor measuring 1.5 cm. At the 10-month surveillance clinical visit following injection, the tumor had dramatically involuted to 3 mm in greatest dimension. The patient reported complete resolution of his primary symptoms of epistaxis and nasal obstruction.
CONCLUSIONS:: This report demonstrates the first reported successful treatment of a sinonasal hemangioma with intralesional bevacizumab. Intralesional bevacizumab confers an additional option for adjuvant treatment of sinonasal hemangiomas. Further evaluation of intralesional bevacizumab in the treatment of these tumors is warranted.
- endoscopic sinus surgery
- intralesional therapy
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