Intimate partner violence and children's memory

Hanna C. Gustafsson, Jennifer L. Coffman, Latonya S. Harris, Hillary A. Langley, Peter A. Ornstein, Martha J. Cox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The current study was designed to examine the relation between intimate partner violence (IPV) and children's memory and drew from a socioeconomically and racially diverse sample of children living in and around a midsized southeastern city (n = 140). Mother-reported IPV when the children were 30 months old was a significant predictor of children's short-term, working, and deliberate memory at 60 months of age, even after controlling for the children's sex and race, the families' income-to-needs ratio, the children's expressive vocabulary, and maternal harsh-intrusive parenting behaviors. These findings add to the limited extant literature that finds linkages between IPV and children's cognitive functioning and suggest that living in households in which physical violence is perpetrated among intimate partners may have a negative effect on multiple domains of children's memory development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)937-944
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Family Psychology
Volume27
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Deliberate memory
  • Intimate partner violence
  • Maternal parenting behaviors
  • Short-term memory
  • Working memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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