Intestinal dysmotility of critical illness

David C. Evans, Robert G. Martindale

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Gastrointestinal dysmotility is a major challenge in critical care medicine as it contributes to reduced caloric and protein intake in patients with major metabolic stressors. The pathophysiology of dysmotility in the ICU is complex and multifactorial. As a dysfunctional gut can lead to systemic sepsis and proinflammatory states, dysmotility in critically ill patients can result in disastrous consequences. Patients with dysmotility require a multifaceted treatment approach that addresses multiple inciting causes and utilizesmultiple pharmacological pathways. In this chapter we review the pathophysiology, the major etiologic causes, and proposed treatments of GI dysmotility in the critically ill.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDiet and Nutrition in Critical Care
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages1037-1049
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781461478362
ISBN (Print)9781461478379
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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    Evans, D. C., & Martindale, R. G. (2015). Intestinal dysmotility of critical illness. In Diet and Nutrition in Critical Care (pp. 1037-1049). Springer New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7836-2_82