Interstrand crosslink-induced radials form between non-homologous chromosomes, but are absent in sex chromosomes

Amy E.Hanlon Newell, Yassmine M.N. Akkari, Yumi Torimaru, Andrew Rosenthal, Carol A. Reifsteck, Barbara Cox, Markus Grompe, Susan B. Olson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fanconi anemia (FA) and cells lacking functional BRCA1 and BRCA2 proteins are hypersensitive to interstrand crosslinking (ICL) agents and show increased numbers of chromosomal breaks and radials. Although radial formation has been used to diagnose FA for more than 30 years, there has been little analysis of these characteristic formations. In this study, radials were analyzed from FA-A and FA-G fibroblasts as well as normal and retrovirally-corrected FA-A fibroblasts treated with high doses of ICLs. Radials were found to only involve non-homologous chromosome interactions and to be distributed nearly randomly along the length of chromosomes. Sites on chromosomes that did show increased frequency of radial involvement did not correlate with known fragile sites or pericentric regions. Hybrid radials were observed between mouse and human chromosomes in human-mouse hybrid cells produced by microcell-mediated chromosome transfer of mouse chromosomes into human FA-A fibroblasts. Both X and Y chromosomes were notably not involved in radials. These observations suggest that ICL repair may involve short stretches of homology, resulting in aberrant radial formation in the absence of FA proteins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)535-542
Number of pages8
JournalDNA Repair
Volume3
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 4 2004

Keywords

  • Chromosomes
  • Fanconi anemia
  • Interstrand crosslink

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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