Interobserver Agreement for CT and MRI Findings of Chronic Pancreatitis in Children: A Multicenter Ancillary Study Under the INSPPIRE Consortium

Consortium for the Study of Chronic Pancreatitis, Diabetes and Pancreatic Cancer (CPDPC)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Imaging findings represent key criteria for diagnosing chronic pancreatitis in children. Understanding radiologists’ agreement for imaging findings is critical to standardizing and optimizing diagnostic criteria. OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the interobserver agreement among experienced pediatric radiologists for subjective, quantitative, and semiquantitative imaging findings of chronic pancreatitis in children. METHODS. In this retrospective study, CT or MRI examinations performed in children with chronic pancreatitis were submitted by six sites participating in the INSPPIRE (International Study Group of Pediatric Pancreatitis: In Search for a Cure) Consortium. One pediatric radiologist from each of the six sites reviewed examinations; three of the radiologists independently reviewed all CT examinations, and the other three radiologists independently reviewed all MRI examinations. Reviewers recorded 13 categoric imaging findings of chronic pancreatitis and measured pancreas thickness and pancreatic duct diameter. Agreement was assessed using kappa coefficients for the categoric variables and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) for the continuous variables. RESULTS. A total of 76 CT and 80 MRI examinations performed in 110 children (65 girls and 45 boys; mean age, 11.3 ± 4.6 [SD] years) were reviewed. For CT, kappa coefficients for categoric findings ranged from -0.01 to 0.81, with relatively high kappa coefficients noted for parenchymal calcifications (κ = 0.81), main pancreatic duct dilatation (κ = 0.63), and atrophy (κ = 0.52). ICCs for parenchymal thickness measurements ranged from 0.57 in the pancreas head to 0.80 in the body and tail. The ICC for duct diameter was 0.85. For MRI, kappa coefficients for categoric findings ranged from -0.01 to 0.74, with relatively high kappa coefficients noted for main duct irregularity (κ = 0.74), side branch dilatation (κ = 0.70), number of dilated side branches (κ = 0.65), and main duct dilatation (κ = 0.64); kappa coefficient for atrophy was 0.52. ICCs for parenchymal thickness measurements ranged from 0.53 for the neck and body individually to 0.68 in the tail. ICC for duct diameter was 0.77. CONCLUSION. Interobserver agreement was fair to moderate for most CT and MRI findings of chronic pancreatitis in children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)303-313
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Volume219
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CT
  • diagnosis
  • MRI
  • pancreas
  • pancreatitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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