Interactions between intelligence and personality: Results from two large samples

Elizabeth J. Austin, Scott M. Hofer, Ian J. Deary, Herbert W. Eber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Police applicants (N = 15,332) and felons (N = 15,460) completed the Cattell 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire, the psychopathology scales of the Clinical Analysis Questionnaire, and the Culture Fair Intelligence Test (CFIT). The correlation between the two ability tests (Cattell Scale B and CFIT) was found to increase with level of neuroticism. Examination of the second order factor structure of the psychopathology scales showed the existence of Depression and Impulsivity components. The variance of the Depression component falls with ability level. Alternative interpretations of this result in terms of personality differentiation with ability, changes in degree of item comprehension with ability and possible contributions of faking are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)405-427
Number of pages23
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2000

Keywords

  • Cattell scales
  • Intelligence
  • Personality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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