Interaction of the receptor tyrosine kinase p145(c-kit) with the p210(bcr/abl) kinase in myeloid cells

Michael Hallek, Susanne Danhauser-Riedl, Ronald Herbst, Markus Warmuth, Almut Winkler, Hans Jochen Kolb, Brian Druker, James D. Griffin, Bertold Emmerich, Axel Ullrich

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41 Scopus citations

Abstract

The chimaeric bcr/abl oncogene is detected in virtually all cases of chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML). It encodes a constitutively active tyrosine kinase of 210kDalton, p210(bcr/abl), which stimulates a variety of cytosolic signalling intermediates. The effects of bcr/abl on the activity of growth factor receptors are less well known. In order to investigate interaction of p210(bcr/abl) with the receptor tyrosine kinase p145(c-kit), we used two myeloid, factor-dependent cell lines, MO7 and 32D, to generate bcr/abl positive sublines, MO7p210 and 32Dp210, by transfection with the bcr/abl gene. Since 32D and 32Dp210 cells did not express p145(c-kit), a c-kit retrovirus was used to generate c-kit positive cell lines (32Dkit, 32Dp210kit). In contrast to MO7 and 32Dkit cells, MO7p210 and 32Dp210kit cells were factor independent and did not respond to the growth-promoting effects of recombinant human Steel factor (rhSF). Preincubation with a monoclonal antibody (MAb) neutralizing the binding of SF to p145(c-kit) did not affect the growth of MO7p210 cells, thus eliminating the possibility of an autocrine SF secretion. 32Dkit cells transfected with bcr/abl containing an inactivating point mutation (Lys → Arg271) in the Abl kinase domain (32Dp210(Arg271)kit) retained their responsiveness to the effects of rhSF. Immune complex kinase assays showed that the kinase activity of p145(c-kit) was several-fold higher in MO7p210 and 32Dp210kit cells than in MO7, 32Dkit and 32Dp210(Arg271)kit cells, suggesting that Abl kinase activity was necessary to activate p145(c-kit). Co-immunoprecipitation experiments with anti-Kit and anti-Abl MAbs demonstrated that p145(c-kit) and p210(bcr/abl) were associated in an intracellular complex in human bcr/abl positive, c-kit positive cell lines (MO7p210; GM/SO). Finally, colony assays with bone marrow from bcr/abl positive CML patients showed that the haemopoietic progenitors of three of four patients did not respond to rhSF. Taken together, the results suggest that p145(c-kit) can be activated by p210(bcr/abl) via an Abl-kinase dependent mechanism involving the complex formation of both proteins. These findings could explain some clinical features (basophilia, increase of immature myeloid cells) of chronic-phase CML.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-16
Number of pages12
JournalBritish Journal of Haematology
Volume94
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

Keywords

  • Chronic myeloid leukaemia
  • Oncogene
  • Pathogenesis
  • bcr/abl
  • c-kit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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