Integrating Symptoms Into the Middle-Range Theory of Self-Care of Chronic Illness

Barbara Riegel, Tiny Jaarsma, Christopher S. Lee, Anna Strömberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Middle-Range Theory of Self-Care of Chronic Illness has been used widely since it was first published in 2012. With the goal of theoretical refinement in mind, we evaluated the theory to identify areas where the theory lacked clarity and could be improved. The concept of self-care monitoring was determined to be underdeveloped. We do not yet know how the process of symptom monitoring influences the symptom appraisal process. Also, the manner in which self-care monitoring and self-care management are associated was thought to need refinement. As both of these issues relate to symptoms, we decided to enrich the Middle-Range Theory with knowledge from theories about symptoms. Here, we propose a revision to the Middle-Range Theory of Self-Care of Chronic Illness where symptoms are clearly integrated with the self-care behaviors of self-care maintenance, monitoring, and management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)206-215
Number of pages10
JournalANS. Advances in nursing science
Volume42
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Integrating Symptoms Into the Middle-Range Theory of Self-Care of Chronic Illness'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this