Human breast cancer cells (HBCC) secrete at least four different forms of IGFBPs. We have previously demonstrated that hIGFBP-1 is a minor component of IGFBPs secreted by Hs578T cells and is absent in CM from MCF-7 cells. In our present report, we describe the immunological and structural relationship of HBCC IGFBPs to hIGFBP-2 and hIGFBP-3. Analysis of conditioned media (CM) from Hs578T by Western ligand blotting revealed three IGFBPs of apparent Mr = 38K, 28K and 24K; CM from MCF-7 revealed only two IGFBPs, of apparent Mr=31K and 24K. Immunoprecipitation studies with polyclonal antibodies raised against hIGFBP-2 and hIGFBP-3 demonstrated that the 38KIGFBP in Hs578T CM is immunologically related to hIGFBP-3, while the 31K IGFBP in MCF-7 cells is related to the hIGFBP-2. Analysis by Northern blot demonstrated that MCF-7 cells contained mRNA for hIGFBP-2, while Hs578T cells contained the mRNA characteristic of the hIGFBP-3. The identity of the 24K IGFBP remains unknown, and may represent a distinct IGFBP. Of note, assay of CM following removal of BPs by acid chromatography demonstrated no detectable IGF-I or -II. The role of these IGFBPs in HBCC is of interest in view of the potential modulation of IGF actions by these proteins.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical