Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-related protein-1 (IGFBP- rP1) has been shown to have decreased expression in the progression from benign to malignant prostate epithelial cells (V. Hwa et al., J. Clin Endocrinol. Metab., 83: 4355-4362, 1998). The present study was undertaken to determine the effects of the re-expression of IGFBP-rP1 in a cell line from a model of human prostate cancer, M12, in which IGFBP-rP1 expression had been demonstrated to decrease from the parent epithelial cell, P69, to the malignant subline, M12. An IGFBP-rP1 cDNA encoding the protein was transfected into M12 cells in a plasmid that resulted in constitutive- expression of IGFBP-rP1. Clones of transfected M12 cells were selected for low (L) and high (H) levels of expression, and the plasmid vector alone was transfected into M12 as a control. After transfection, there was a marked alteration in the morphology of the M12 cells such that the H clones had an elongated appearance when compared with the M12 control cells. The M12 clones overexpressing IGFBP-rP1 had a dose-related increase in population doubling time, decreased colony formation in soft agar, an increased propensity to undergo apoptosis in response to 6-hydroxyurea, and decreased tumor formation in male athymic, nude mice. These data suggest that IGFBP-rP1 may have a suppressive effect on prostate cancer development.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - May 15 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research