Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 generation as a measure of GH sensitivity

C. K. Buckway, K. A. Selva, K. L. Pratt, E. Tjoeng, J. Guevara-Aguirre, R. G. Rosenfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

A total of 198 subjects were randomized to either high-dose (0.05 mg/kg·d) or low-dose (0.025 mg/kg·d) GH for 7 d; the alternate dose was then received after a 2-wk washout period. Groups included in the study were: normal, GH-insensitive (GHI; homozygous for the E180 splice mutation); heterozygous GHI (carriers of the E180 splice mutation); GH-deficient; and idiopathic short stature. Serum IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) concentrations (collected on d 1, 5, and 8 of treatment weeks) were GH-dependent, with significant elevation by d 5 of treatment, regardless of dose, in all normal subjects. GHI subjects had low baseline IGFBP-3 and poor or no response to either low-or high-dose GH. Heterozygous subjects, however, did not differ from age-matched normals with regard to IGFBP-3 generation. All GH-deficient subjects had subnormal baseline concentrations of IGFBP-3; most, but not all, were able to generate levels into normal ranges by 8 d of therapy. Children with idiopathic short stature showed a better response in IGFBP-3 generation compared with that previously observed with IGF-I, reaching concentrations in normal range with either dose of GH, suggesting that any GHI in this group is relatively limited to IGF-I production. For the diagnosis of GHI, the highest sensitivity (100%) and specificity (92%) was found on d 8 of the high-dose GH-IGFBP-3 generation test. Failure to raise both IGF-I and IGFBP-3 lowered sensitivity to 82-86% with low-dose GH, and 86-91% with high-dose GH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4754-4765
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume87
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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