Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor expression in wild-type GISTs: A potential novel therapeutic target

Maria A. Pantaleo, Annalisa Astolfi, Monica Di Battista, Michael C. Heinrich, Paola Paterini, Katia Scotlandi, Donatella Santini, Fausto Catena, Maria C. Manara, Margherita Nannini, Alessandra Maleddu, Maristella Saponara, Cristian Lolli, Serena Formica, Guido Biasco

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62 Scopus citations


Aberrations of the Insulin-like Growth Factor (IGF) system have been found in association with a variety of cancer types. The potential role of IGF1R has been postulated in a small subset of GISTs, but until now the implications of its aberrations have not been defined. The aim of the study was to examine the IGF1R status in patients with gastric GIST in regard to KIT and PDGFRA genotype. Fresh resection specimens were collected from 8 primary tumours [2 wild-type (WT) and 6 mutant cases]. IGF1R was studied as gene expression profiling with Affymetrix GeneChip HG-U133Plus 2.0 arrays and as genomic copy number with SNP array analysis Affymetrix Genome Wide Human SNP 6.0 arrays, and at protein level with western blotting (WB) and immunohistochemistry (IHC). The unsupervised analysis of gene expression profiling of our patients merged with a data set from gastric GISTs identified 2 patients out of 8 with different expression of IGF1R. The data were confirmed by WB and IHC. In particular, IGF1R was upregulated in 2 young patients (<30-years old), who had both WT disease and metastases at diagnosis. The SNP array analysis showed that none of the tumours had IGF1R amplification. GISTs are characterized by abnormalities of the KIT and PDGFRA receptors that affect prognosis and response to tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Both young adult with WT GIST had the overexpression of IGF1R at mRNA and protein level. These results further confirm the hypothesis that IGF1R may be a potential therapeutic target in GISTs lacking KIT and PDGFRA mutations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2991-2994
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 15 2009


  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumours
  • Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor
  • KIT receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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