Background: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a common cause of healthcare associated infections contributing to morbidity and mortality. Our objective was to evaluate the impact of the implementation of a CDI bundle along with probiotic utilization. Methods: A retrospective review of trauma admissions from 2008 to 2014 was performed. The CDI bundle was implemented in stages from 2009 through 2014 with probiotics initiated in 2010. The bundle included changes in cleaning practices, education, screening, and contact precautions. Results: 4632 (49%) patients received antibiotics with 21% receiving probiotics. Probiotic use was associated with increased age, male sex, more severely injured, and antibiotic use. CDI incidence decreased from 11.2 to 4.8 per 1000 admissions, p =.03. Among patients who received antibiotics CDI incidence decreased from 2.2% to 0.7%, p =.01. Conclusions: We report the largest series of a CDI bundle implementation including probiotics. During the period of adoption of these interventions, the incidence of CDI decreased significantly.
- Clostridium difficile
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