Inner ear DNA receptors in MRL/lpr autoimmune mice: Potential 30 and 70 kDa link between autoimmune disease and hearing loss

Dennis R. Trune, J. Beth Kempton, Steven H. Hefeneider, Robert M. Bennett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Inner ear function and systemic autoimmune disease were evaluated in the MRL/lpr mouse to determine their relationship with alterations in cell surface DNA receptors of 28-30 and 68-70 kDa size. Auditory brainstem response thresholds in the autoimmune disease mice were significantly elevated as early as 2 months of age when compared to MRL/++ controls. Hearing thresholds continued to rise with progression of the disease, manifested as increasing spleen weights, antinuclear (anti-DNA) antibodies, and serum immune complexes. Cochlear membranous labyrinth cells in the autoimmune mice bound less DNA, suggesting the DNA receptors were abnormally occupied by circulating antibodies. Western blots of a murine T-cell line probed with autoimmune mouse sera demonstrated reactivity to 28-30 and 68-70 kDa proteins after disease onset. It is hypothesized that cell surface DNA binding molecules could be masked or down-regulated by circulating antibodies in autoimmune disease. This interference with DNA receptor activity may be occurring within the inner ear and underlie the cochlear dysfunction seen in autoimmune sensorineural hearing loss.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-64
Number of pages8
JournalHearing Research
Volume105
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1997

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Keywords

  • Auditory brainstem response
  • Autoimmune disease
  • DNA receptor
  • Ear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems

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