Initial psychometric properties of the pain care quality survey (PainCQ)

Susan L. Beck, Gail L. Towsley, Marjorie A. Pett, Patricia H. Berry, Ellen Lavoie Smith, Jeannine M. Brant, Jia Wen Guo

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    11 Scopus citations


    This study examined the psychometric properties of the Pain Care Quality (PainCQ) survey, a new instrument to measure the quality of nursing and interdisciplinary care related to pain management. Hospitalized medical/surgical oncology patients with pain from 3 states completed the 44-item version of the PainCQ survey following completion of a nursing shift. Interdisciplinary items were evaluated over the entire hospital stay; nursing care was evaluated during the previous shift. The sample included 109 patients ranging in age from 20 to 84 (mean = 53.09). The sample was 58.7% female, 88% non-Hispanic white. Principal Axis Factoring with an oblimin rotation was used as factors were correlated. Two scales resulted. The PainCQ-Interdisciplinary scale included 11 items representing 2 constructs and explaining 47.1% of shared item variance: partnership with the health care team (k = 6 items; α = .85) and comprehensive interdisciplinary pain care (k = 5 items; α = .76). The PainCQ-Nursing scale measured three constructs and explained 60.8 % of shared item variance: being treated right (k = 15 items; α = .95), comprehensive nursing pain care (k = 3 items; α = .77), and efficacy of pain management (k =4 items; α = .87). Results supported the internal consistency reliability and structural validity of the PainCQ survey with 33 items. Perspective: This article presents the psychometric properties of a new tool to measure interdisciplinary and nursing care quality related to pain management from the patient's perspective. This tool can be used for research and as a clinical performance measure to monitor and improve quality of care and patient outcomes.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1311-1319
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Pain
    Issue number12
    StatePublished - Dec 2010


    • Interdisciplinary
    • Measurement
    • Nursing
    • Pain
    • Quality

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Neurology
    • Clinical Neurology
    • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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