Inhibition of muscarinic receptor-induced proliferation of astroglial cells by ethanol: Mechanisms and implications for the fetal alcohol syndrome

Lucio G. Costa, Marina Guizzetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

In utero exposure to ethanol is deleterious to fetal brain development. Children born with the fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) display a number of abnormalities, the most significant of which are central nervous system (CNS) dysfunctions, such as microencephaly and mental retardation. An interaction of ethanol with glial cells, particularly astrocytes, has been suggested to contribute to the developmental neurotoxicity of this alcohol. At low concentrations (10-100 mM) ethanol inhibits the proliferation of astroglial cells in vitro, particularly when stimulated by acetycholine through muscarinic M3 receptors. Of the several signal transduction pathways activated by these receptors in astrocytes or astrocytoma cells, which are involved in mitogenic signaling, only some (e.g. protein kinase C (PKC) ζ, p70S6 kinase) appear to be targeted by ethanol at the same low concentrations which effectively inhibit proliferation. Inhibition of astroglial proliferation by ethanol may contribute to the microencephaly seen in FAS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)685-691
Number of pages7
JournalNeuroToxicology
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002

Keywords

  • Astroglial cells
  • Central nervous system
  • Fetal alcohol syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Toxicology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Inhibition of muscarinic receptor-induced proliferation of astroglial cells by ethanol: Mechanisms and implications for the fetal alcohol syndrome'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this