CP-88,818 (β-tigogenin cellobioside; tiqueside) is a synthetic saponin developed to treat hypercholesterolemia by inhibiting the absorption of biliary and dietary cholesterol. Two studies are reported here: one in patients to assess safety and efficacy, and one in normal volunteers to explore the mechanism of action. The former included 15 hypercholesterolemic outpatients [low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) >160 mg/dl] treated with 1, 2, and 3 g of tiqueside daily (b.i.d.) in a crossover design for three 2-week treatment periods, each separated by a 3-week placebo period. The mechanistic study was conducted with 24 healthy male subjects who were randomized in s parallel group design to either placebo (n = 6) or tiqueside (2 or 4 g/day; n = 9 each) once daily for 3 weeks. All subjects in this study were fed a low-fat, low-cholesterol diet [National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Step 1 ]. Focal steroid excretion rates and plasma lipid levels were determined at baseline and after 3 weeks of treatment. Fractional cholesterol absorption was measured before and after treatment by the continuous feeding, dual-isotope method. Tiqueside produced a dose-dependent reduction in plasma LDL cholesterol levels in the hypercholesterolemic patients. In the mechanistic study, it decreased fractional cholesterol absorption rates and increased focal neutral sterol excretion rates, changes associated with trends toward lower LDL cholesterol levels. Other lipoprotein levels were unaffected, as were focal fat and bile acid excretion and fat- soluble vitamin absorption. Thus tiqueside dose-dependently inhibits cholesterol absorption in humans, resulting in a reduction in serum LDL cholesterol levels.
- Cholesterol absorption
- Fecal sterols
- Hypolipidemic drugs
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine