Influence of the Coanda effect on color doppler jet area and color encoding: In vitro studies using color doppler flow mapping

Kung Chao, Valdir A. Moises, Robin Shandas, Taher Elkadi, David J. Sahn, Robert Weintraub

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

We studied surface adherence and its effects on color Doppler jet areas and color encoding in an in vitro model with a noncompliant receiving chamber into which a steady flow jet was directed parallel to either a straight or a curved surface adjacent to and 4 mm away from the inflow orifice (1.50 mm2) with the control condition being a free jet matched for flow rates and driving pressures. Jets were imaged perpendicular to the plane of the surface, the plane in which most clinical images of jet-surface interactions are obtained. Ten different flow rates ranging from 0.13 to 0.30 l/min were used. Surface-adherent jet areas were smaller than control jets for every driving pressure-volume combination (paired t test, p<0.01). Computer analysis of color Doppler images showed more green and blue (reverse flow) pixels on the surface side of the adherent jets than the control jets (p<0.05), suggesting that viscous energy loss and flow deceleration and reversal play a role in the jet-surface interaction. Analysis of variance demonstrated that linear regression slopes of flow rate versus jet area for surface jets were lower (slopes, 11-21 cm2/l/min; r=0.95-0.97) than those for the control (slope, 33 cm2/l/min; r=0.97) (p<0.0001). Surface adherence (Coanda effect) influences jet size and color encoding, causing smaller color Doppler jet areas and greater variance and reverse velocity encoding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)333-341
Number of pages9
JournalCirculation
Volume85
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1992

Keywords

  • Doppler echocardiography
  • Surface-adherent jets
  • Valvular regurgitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Influence of the Coanda effect on color doppler jet area and color encoding: In vitro studies using color doppler flow mapping'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this