Influence of splanchnic intravascular volume changes on cardiac output during muscarinic receptor stimulation in the anaesthetized dog

M. A. Morse, L. Bell, D. L. Rutlen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The direct influence of systemic muscarinic receptor stimulation on total splanchnic intravascular volume and the splanchnic organs responsible for the total splanchnic volume change associated with muscarinic receptor stimulation in the animal with an intact circulation are unknown. Furthermore, the subsequent effect of these volume changes on cardiac output is not known. Thus, acetylcholine was infused at 5 μg kg-1 min in 25 anaesthetized dogs in which nicotinic blockade of the ganglia was achieved with mecamylamine, while total and regional splanchnic intravascular volume changes were determined with a radionuclide imaging technique. Total splanchnic volume decreased by 4.9 ± 1.0% (P < 0.0001), splenic volume decreased by 10.3 ± 2.0% (P < 0.0001), hepatic volume increased by 5.8 ± 1.4% (P < 0.01), extrahepatosplenic volume increased by 6.6 ± 1.6% (P < 0.01) and cardiac output increased from 1960 ± 190 to 2290 ± 230 ml min-1 (P < 0.001). After splenectomy (n = 13), the hepatic and extrahepatosplenic volume increments were abolished, and the increase in cardiac output was not attenuated (1600 ± 260 to 2040 ± 370 ml min-1). After subsequent evisceration (n = 5), the cardiac output increment associated with acetylcholine was still not attenuated. Acetylcholine-associated splanchnic volume changes were abolished after muscarinic receptor blockade with atropine. Thus, muscarinic receptor stimulation causes a decrease in total splanchnic volume due entirely to a decrease in splenic volume. The splanchnic volume changes do not influence cardiac output.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)331-336
Number of pages6
JournalActa Physiologica Scandinavica
Volume138
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acetylcholine
  • Cardiac output
  • Intravascular volume
  • Liver
  • Muscarinic
  • Radionuclide imaging
  • Splanchnic
  • Spleen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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