Influence of chest compression artefact on capnogram-based ventilation detection during out-of-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Mikel Leturiondo, Sofía Ruiz de Gauna, Jesus M. Ruiz, J. Julio Gutiérrez, Luis A. Leturiondo, Digna M. González-Otero, James K. Russell, Dana Zive, Mohamud Ramzan Daya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Capnography has been proposed as a method for monitoring the ventilation rate during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). A high incidence (above 70%) of capnograms distorted by chest compression induced oscillations has been previously reported in out-of-hospital (OOH) CPR. The aim of the study was to better characterize the chest compression artefact and to evaluate its influence on the performance of a capnogram-based ventilation detector during OOH CPR. Methods Data from the MRx monitor–defibrillator were extracted from OOH cardiac arrest episodes. For each episode, presence of chest compression artefact was annotated in the capnogram. Concurrent compression depth and transthoracic impedance signals were used to identify chest compressions and to annotate ventilations, respectively. We designed a capnogram-based ventilation detection algorithm and tested its performance with clean and distorted episodes. Results Data were collected from 232 episodes comprising 52 654 ventilations, with a mean (±SD) of 227 (±118) per episode. Overall, 42% of the capnograms were distorted. Presence of chest compression artefact degraded algorithm performance in terms of ventilation detection, estimation of ventilation rate, and the ability to detect hyperventilation. Conclusion Capnogram-based ventilation detection during CPR using our algorithm was compromised by the presence of chest compression artefact. In particular, artefact spanning from the plateau to the baseline strongly degraded ventilation detection, and caused a high number of false hyperventilation alarms. Further research is needed to reduce the impact of chest compression artefact on capnographic ventilation monitoring.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)63-68
Number of pages6
JournalResuscitation
Volume124
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

Keywords

  • Advanced life support
  • Capnography
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • Chest compression artefact
  • Ventilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Emergency
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Leturiondo, M., Ruiz de Gauna, S., Ruiz, J. M., Julio Gutiérrez, J., Leturiondo, L. A., González-Otero, D. M., Russell, J. K., Zive, D., & Daya, M. R. (2018). Influence of chest compression artefact on capnogram-based ventilation detection during out-of-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Resuscitation, 124, 63-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2017.12.013