Inferior physical performance tests in 10,998 men in the MrOS study is associated with recurrent falls

Magnus K. Karlsson, Eva Ribom, Jan Åke Nilsson, Östen Ljunggren, Claes Ohlsson, Dan Mellström, Mattiaz Lorentzon, Hans Mallmin, Marcia Stefanick, Jodi Lapidus, Ping Chung Leung, Anthony Kwok, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Eric Orwoll, Björn E. Rosengren

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17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Recurrent fallers are at especially high risk for injuries.Objective: to study whether tests of physical performance are associated with recurrent falls.Subjects: a total of 10,998 men aged 65 years or above. Methods: Questionnaires evaluated falls sustained 12 months preceding testing of grip strength, timed stand, 6-m walk and 20-cm narrow walk test. Means with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) are reported. P < 0.01 is a statistically significant difference. Results: In comparison to both occasional fallers and non-fallers, recurrent fallers performed more poorly on all the physical ability tests (all P < 0.001). A score below -2 standard deviations (SDs) in the right-hand grip strength test was associated with an odds ratio of 2.4 (95% CI 1.7, 3.4) for having had recurrent falls compared with having had no fall and of 2.0 (95% CI 1.3, 3.4) for having had recurrent falls compared with having had an occasional fall. Conclusion: Low performance in physical ability tests are in elderly men associated with recurrent falls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberafs104
Pages (from-to)740-746
Number of pages7
JournalAge and Ageing
Volume41
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2012

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Keywords

  • Falls
  • Men
  • Muscle
  • Older people
  • Physical performance tests
  • Recurrent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Karlsson, M. K., Ribom, E., Nilsson, J. Å., Ljunggren, Ö., Ohlsson, C., Mellström, D., Lorentzon, M., Mallmin, H., Stefanick, M., Lapidus, J., Leung, P. C., Kwok, A., Barrett-Connor, E., Orwoll, E., & Rosengren, B. E. (2012). Inferior physical performance tests in 10,998 men in the MrOS study is associated with recurrent falls. Age and Ageing, 41(6), 740-746. [afs104]. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afs104