Inferior Corneal Haze and Inflammatory Endotheliopathy Related to Pars Planitis

Akshay S. Thomas, Amro Ali, Sruthi Arepalli, Eric B. Suhler

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

Abstract

Purpose: To describe the finding of inferior corneal haze secondary to presumed inflammatory endothelio-10 pathy in a series of patients with pars planitis. Methods: Single-center retrospective observational consecutive case-series. Results: Seven patients with an established diagnosis of pars planitis are described in this case series including four females and three males. The ages ranged from 5 to 31 years at presentation. Pars planitis was bilateral in six patients and unilateral in one patient. Fundus examinations revealed vitreous opacities and pars plana exudates in all seven patients, cystoid macular edema in four patients, and peripheral retinal vasculitis in two patients. Corneal examination revealed opacification of the posterior cornea in an inferior location in 10 of the 13 eyes with pars planitis. Only one of these eyes had keratic precipitates. For a given patient, corneal involvement was more commonly seen in the more inflamed eye. In one patient with active inflammation, microcystic corneal edema was noted to predate the formation of inferior corneal endothelial opacification, suggesting that physical proximity to the site of inflammation at the inferior pars plana is the cause of this notable physical finding. Conclusions: Inferior posterior corneal haze related to inflammatory endotheliopathy may occur in eyes with pars planitis. As patients with pars planitis may be otherwise asymptomatic, this corneal finding shouldprompt a detailed funduscopic examination to rule out this form of uveitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalOcular Immunology and Inflammation
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Corneal haze
  • inflammatory endotheliopathy
  • pars planitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Ophthalmology

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