Infectious Uveitis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Infectious uveitis is one of the most common and visually devastating causes of uveitis in the US and worldwide. This review provides a summary of the identification, treatment, and complications associated with certain forms of viral, bacterial, fungal, helminthic, and parasitic uveitis. In particular, this article reviews the literature on identification and treatment of acute retinal necrosis due to herpes simplex virus and varicella virus as well as cytomegalovirus retinitis. While no agreed-upon treatment has been identified, the characteristics of Ebola virus panuveitis is also reviewed. In addition, forms of parasitic infection such as Toxoplasmosis and Toxocariasis are summarized, as well as spirochetal uveitis. Syphilitic retinitis is reviewed given its increase in prevalence over the last decade. The importance of early identification and treatment of infectious uveitis is emphasized. Early identification can be achieved with a combination of maintaining a high suspicion, recognizing certain clinical features, utilizing multi-modal imaging, and obtaining specimens for molecular diagnostic testing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)170-183
Number of pages14
JournalCurrent Ophthalmology Reports
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

Keywords

  • Infectious uveitis
  • Molecular diagnostics
  • Multi-modal ophthalmic imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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