We have evaluated the homologous and heterologous neutralizing antibody response in a cohort of six Macaca nemestrina infected with the cloned virus SIVsm62d that showed different levels of envelope diversification. Two progressor macaques developed AIDS by 1.5 years post-inoculation and four non-progressors were asymptomatic for 3 years of follow-up. All macaques developed high titers of neutralizing antibodies against homologous SIVsm viruses and intermediate titers against SIVsmB670. Heterologous virus neutralization of SIVmac, SIVmne, and HIV-2 was detected at much lower levels in both progressor macaques; only one of four non-progressors had evidence for broader neutralizing antibody activity. We noted changes in potential N-linked glycosylation (PNG) sites in V1/V2, C2, and V4 that were common to multiple macaques. These results support a model for viral neutralization where heterologous neutralization is, in part, driven by a strong homologous response and may be coupled to changes in PNG sites in envelop.
- Broad neutralization
- N-linked glycosylation
- Simian immunodeficiency virus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology