Indexing Withdrawal in Mice: Matching Genotypes for Exposure in Studies Using Ethanol Vapor Inhalation

Erik S. Terdal, John C. Crabbe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

Withdrawal Seizure‐Prone (WSP) and ‐Resistant (WSR) mice have been bidirectionally selected for severity of handling‐induced convulsions (HIC) following withdrawal from 72 hr of chronic ethanol vapor inhalation. During selection, daily injections of the alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor, pyrazole, were used to enhance and stabilize blood ethanol concentrations (BEC). After 26 generations of selection, WSR mice show lower withdrawal BEC than WSP mice exposed to the same ethanol vapor concentrations. Because it is desirable to compare mice maintained at the same BEC to assess correlated responses to selection, this has necessitated exposing WSR mice to higher ethanol vapor concentrations than WSP mice to achieve matched chronic BEC. The experiments reported herein demonstrate two methods for producing matched withdrawal BEC: (1) by exposing mice to the same ethanol vapor concentration and varying the pyrazole dose; and (2) by administering only ethanol at different vapor concentrations and selecting some mice with approximately the same BEC. When exposed to the same ethanol vapor concentration, WSR mice given 1.0 mmol/kg pyrazole had withdrawal BEC equivalent to WSP mice given 0.75 mmol/kg pyrazole. However, WSP mice had much more severe withdrawal HIC than WSR mice. WSP and WSR mice metabolized ethanol at the same rate following withdrawal. The basis for the differential effectiveness of pyrazole is unknown. We also exposed mice to higher ethanol vapor concentrations in the absence of pyrazole. By exposing WSR mice to higher concentrations than WSP, roughly equivalent BEC on withdrawal was achieved. Because BEC are more variable in the absence of pyrazole, it was necessary to select animals of each genotype to achieve relatively matched BEC. Again, WSP mice had much more severe HIC on withdrawal than WSR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)542-547
Number of pages6
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1994

Keywords

  • Handling‐Induced Convulsions
  • Inhalation
  • Pharmacogenetics
  • WSP/WSR Selected Lines
  • Withdrawal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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