Increased UV resistance in xeroderma pigmentosum group A cells after transformation with a human genomic DNA clone

Augustinus Rinaldy, Terri Bellew, Eric Egli, R. Stephen Lloyd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is an autosomal recessive disease in which the major clinical manifestation is a 2000-fold enhanced probability of developing sunlight-induced skin tumors, and the molecular basis for the disease is a defective DNA excision repair system. To clone the gene defective in XP complementation group A (XP-A), cDNA clones were isolated by a competition hybridization strategy in which the corresponding mRNAs were more abundant in cells of the obligately heterozygous parents relative to cells of the homozy-gous proband affected with the disease. In this report, a human genomic DNA clone that contains this cDNA was transformed into two independent homozygous XP-A cell lines, and these transformants displayed partial restoration of resistance to the killing effects of UV irradiation. The abundance of mRNA corresponding to this cDNA appears to correlate well with the observed UV cell survival. The results of unscheduled DNA synthesis after UV exposure indicate that the transformed cells are repair proficient relative to that of the control XP-A cells. However, using this same genomic DNA, transformation of an XP-F cell line did not confer any enhancement of UV survival or promote unscheduled DNA synthesis after UV exposure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6818-6822
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume87
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1990

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Keywords

  • Competition hybridization
  • Complementation
  • DNA damage
  • DNA repair

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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