Increased glutamate receptor and transporter expression in the cerebral cortex and striatum of Gcdh-/- mice: Possible implications for the neuropathology of glutaric acidemia type I

Valeska Lizzi Lagranha, Ursula Matte, Talita Giacomet De Carvalho, Bianca Seminotti, Carolina Coffi Pereira, David M. Koeller, Michael Woontner, Stephen I. Goodman, Diogo Onofre Gomes De Souza, Moacir Wajner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

We determined mRNA expression of the ionotropic glutamate receptors NMDA (NR1, NR2A and NR2B subunits), AMPA (GluR2 subunit) and kainate (GluR6 subunit), as well as of the glutamate transporters GLAST and GLT1 in cerebral cortex and striatum of wild type (WT) and glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficient (Gchh -/-) mice aged 7, 30 and 60 days. The protein expression levels of some of these membrane proteins were also measured. Overexpression of NR2A and NR2B in striatum and of GluR2 and GluR6 in cerebral cortex was observed in 7-day-old Gcdh-/-. There was also an increase of mRNA expression of all NMDA subunits in cerebral cortex and of NR2A and NR2B in striatum of 30-day-old Gcdh-/- mice. At 60 days of life, all ionotropic receptors were overexpressed in cerebral cortex and striatum of Gcdh-/- mice. Higher expression of GLAST and GLT1 transporters was also verified in cerebral cortex and striatum of Gcdh-/- mice aged 30 and 60 days, whereas at 7 days of life GLAST was overexpressed only in striatum from this mutant mice. Furthermore, high lysine intake induced mRNA overexpression of NR2A, NR2B and GLAST transcripts in striatum, as well as of GluR2 and GluR6 in both striatum and cerebral cortex of Gcdh-/- mice. Finally, we found that the protein expression of NR2A, NR2B, GLT1 and GLAST were significantly greater in cerebral cortex of Gcdh-/- mice, whereas NR2B and GLT1 was similarly enhanced in striatum, implying that these transcripts were translated into their products. These results provide evidence that glutamate receptor and transporter expression is higher in Gcdh-/- mice and that these alterations may be involved in the pathophysiology of GA I and possibly explain, at least in part, the vulnerability of striatum and cerebral cortex to injury in patients affected by GA I.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere90477
JournalPloS one
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 4 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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    Lagranha, V. L., Matte, U., De Carvalho, T. G., Seminotti, B., Pereira, C. C., Koeller, D. M., Woontner, M., Goodman, S. I., De Souza, D. O. G., & Wajner, M. (2014). Increased glutamate receptor and transporter expression in the cerebral cortex and striatum of Gcdh-/- mice: Possible implications for the neuropathology of glutaric acidemia type I. PloS one, 9(3), [e90477]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090477