Increased fetal activity and heart rate during and immediately after pulsed Doppler echocardiography

K. Saeian, R. Weintraub, S. Hagen-Ansert, C. Sahn, T. Shiota, A. Kenny, David Sahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Previous reports have suggested that the use of continuous- wave Doppler for non-imaging heart rate monitoring or in utero Doppler imaging increased fetal activity. In this study, 11 fetuses (EGA 20-28 weeks) underwent a cardiac 2-D ultrasound and pulsed Doppler examination (since pulsed Doppler is more often used for fetal cardiac diagnosis) with 2-D and Doppler performed in a randomized order and with 10-minute ultrasound observation periods with as little transducer movement as possible before, during, and after 2-D only, and Doppler evaluation. Methods: All studies were performed with informed consent at the lowest available Doppler power <90 mW/cm2 spatial peak temporal average. Fetal heart rate, the number of fetal gross movements/min, and the percent time occupied by fetal movements were evaluated by two blinded observers from video taped records. Patients had been referred to rule out fetal heart disorders but all echoes showed normal cardiac anatomy. Results: Fetal heart rate after pulsed Doppler study was statistically higher by analysis of variance (mean 127 beats/min) than in the pre-Doppler evaluation period (mean 120) and was highest during the Doppler exam period (mean 136; P <0.05) in 10 of 11 fetuses. The percent time of fetal movements was highest during the Doppler exam period and in 9 of 11 fetuses movement increased. The raw number of gross movements/min, however, was highest after the Doppler. No such changes occurred during or after 2-D alone. Conclusion: Whether associated with slightly higher energy output, minimal thermal changes, or audible switching or electronic output sounds transmitted from the instrumentation through the uterus, fetal heart rate and activity increased in our study both during and after pulsed Doppler examination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-77
Number of pages7
JournalEchocardiography
Volume12
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Doppler Pulsed Echocardiography
Fetal Movement
Fetal Heart Rate
Fetus
Fetal Heart
Doppler Ultrasonography
Informed Consent
Transducers
Uterus
Anatomy
Analysis of Variance
Hot Temperature
Heart Rate
Observation

Keywords

  • Doppler
  • fetal echo
  • ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Saeian, K., Weintraub, R., Hagen-Ansert, S., Sahn, C., Shiota, T., Kenny, A., & Sahn, D. (1995). Increased fetal activity and heart rate during and immediately after pulsed Doppler echocardiography. Echocardiography, 12(1), 71-77.

Increased fetal activity and heart rate during and immediately after pulsed Doppler echocardiography. / Saeian, K.; Weintraub, R.; Hagen-Ansert, S.; Sahn, C.; Shiota, T.; Kenny, A.; Sahn, David.

In: Echocardiography, Vol. 12, No. 1, 1995, p. 71-77.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Saeian, K, Weintraub, R, Hagen-Ansert, S, Sahn, C, Shiota, T, Kenny, A & Sahn, D 1995, 'Increased fetal activity and heart rate during and immediately after pulsed Doppler echocardiography', Echocardiography, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 71-77.
Saeian K, Weintraub R, Hagen-Ansert S, Sahn C, Shiota T, Kenny A et al. Increased fetal activity and heart rate during and immediately after pulsed Doppler echocardiography. Echocardiography. 1995;12(1):71-77.
Saeian, K. ; Weintraub, R. ; Hagen-Ansert, S. ; Sahn, C. ; Shiota, T. ; Kenny, A. ; Sahn, David. / Increased fetal activity and heart rate during and immediately after pulsed Doppler echocardiography. In: Echocardiography. 1995 ; Vol. 12, No. 1. pp. 71-77.
@article{c9155c61e3be4ed5a46ad7b204449ad5,
title = "Increased fetal activity and heart rate during and immediately after pulsed Doppler echocardiography",
abstract = "Introduction: Previous reports have suggested that the use of continuous- wave Doppler for non-imaging heart rate monitoring or in utero Doppler imaging increased fetal activity. In this study, 11 fetuses (EGA 20-28 weeks) underwent a cardiac 2-D ultrasound and pulsed Doppler examination (since pulsed Doppler is more often used for fetal cardiac diagnosis) with 2-D and Doppler performed in a randomized order and with 10-minute ultrasound observation periods with as little transducer movement as possible before, during, and after 2-D only, and Doppler evaluation. Methods: All studies were performed with informed consent at the lowest available Doppler power <90 mW/cm2 spatial peak temporal average. Fetal heart rate, the number of fetal gross movements/min, and the percent time occupied by fetal movements were evaluated by two blinded observers from video taped records. Patients had been referred to rule out fetal heart disorders but all echoes showed normal cardiac anatomy. Results: Fetal heart rate after pulsed Doppler study was statistically higher by analysis of variance (mean 127 beats/min) than in the pre-Doppler evaluation period (mean 120) and was highest during the Doppler exam period (mean 136; P <0.05) in 10 of 11 fetuses. The percent time of fetal movements was highest during the Doppler exam period and in 9 of 11 fetuses movement increased. The raw number of gross movements/min, however, was highest after the Doppler. No such changes occurred during or after 2-D alone. Conclusion: Whether associated with slightly higher energy output, minimal thermal changes, or audible switching or electronic output sounds transmitted from the instrumentation through the uterus, fetal heart rate and activity increased in our study both during and after pulsed Doppler examination.",
keywords = "Doppler, fetal echo, ultrasound",
author = "K. Saeian and R. Weintraub and S. Hagen-Ansert and C. Sahn and T. Shiota and A. Kenny and David Sahn",
year = "1995",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "12",
pages = "71--77",
journal = "Echocardiography",
issn = "0742-2822",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Increased fetal activity and heart rate during and immediately after pulsed Doppler echocardiography

AU - Saeian, K.

AU - Weintraub, R.

AU - Hagen-Ansert, S.

AU - Sahn, C.

AU - Shiota, T.

AU - Kenny, A.

AU - Sahn, David

PY - 1995

Y1 - 1995

N2 - Introduction: Previous reports have suggested that the use of continuous- wave Doppler for non-imaging heart rate monitoring or in utero Doppler imaging increased fetal activity. In this study, 11 fetuses (EGA 20-28 weeks) underwent a cardiac 2-D ultrasound and pulsed Doppler examination (since pulsed Doppler is more often used for fetal cardiac diagnosis) with 2-D and Doppler performed in a randomized order and with 10-minute ultrasound observation periods with as little transducer movement as possible before, during, and after 2-D only, and Doppler evaluation. Methods: All studies were performed with informed consent at the lowest available Doppler power <90 mW/cm2 spatial peak temporal average. Fetal heart rate, the number of fetal gross movements/min, and the percent time occupied by fetal movements were evaluated by two blinded observers from video taped records. Patients had been referred to rule out fetal heart disorders but all echoes showed normal cardiac anatomy. Results: Fetal heart rate after pulsed Doppler study was statistically higher by analysis of variance (mean 127 beats/min) than in the pre-Doppler evaluation period (mean 120) and was highest during the Doppler exam period (mean 136; P <0.05) in 10 of 11 fetuses. The percent time of fetal movements was highest during the Doppler exam period and in 9 of 11 fetuses movement increased. The raw number of gross movements/min, however, was highest after the Doppler. No such changes occurred during or after 2-D alone. Conclusion: Whether associated with slightly higher energy output, minimal thermal changes, or audible switching or electronic output sounds transmitted from the instrumentation through the uterus, fetal heart rate and activity increased in our study both during and after pulsed Doppler examination.

AB - Introduction: Previous reports have suggested that the use of continuous- wave Doppler for non-imaging heart rate monitoring or in utero Doppler imaging increased fetal activity. In this study, 11 fetuses (EGA 20-28 weeks) underwent a cardiac 2-D ultrasound and pulsed Doppler examination (since pulsed Doppler is more often used for fetal cardiac diagnosis) with 2-D and Doppler performed in a randomized order and with 10-minute ultrasound observation periods with as little transducer movement as possible before, during, and after 2-D only, and Doppler evaluation. Methods: All studies were performed with informed consent at the lowest available Doppler power <90 mW/cm2 spatial peak temporal average. Fetal heart rate, the number of fetal gross movements/min, and the percent time occupied by fetal movements were evaluated by two blinded observers from video taped records. Patients had been referred to rule out fetal heart disorders but all echoes showed normal cardiac anatomy. Results: Fetal heart rate after pulsed Doppler study was statistically higher by analysis of variance (mean 127 beats/min) than in the pre-Doppler evaluation period (mean 120) and was highest during the Doppler exam period (mean 136; P <0.05) in 10 of 11 fetuses. The percent time of fetal movements was highest during the Doppler exam period and in 9 of 11 fetuses movement increased. The raw number of gross movements/min, however, was highest after the Doppler. No such changes occurred during or after 2-D alone. Conclusion: Whether associated with slightly higher energy output, minimal thermal changes, or audible switching or electronic output sounds transmitted from the instrumentation through the uterus, fetal heart rate and activity increased in our study both during and after pulsed Doppler examination.

KW - Doppler

KW - fetal echo

KW - ultrasound

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0028923052&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0028923052&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0028923052

VL - 12

SP - 71

EP - 77

JO - Echocardiography

JF - Echocardiography

SN - 0742-2822

IS - 1

ER -