Primary and secondary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) has become recently more complex than ever, leaving the clinicians perplexed with outdated guidelines and emerging evidence about new LDL-C lowering therapies. 2013 American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines have focused on high intensity statin therapy for specific groups of patients, while abandoning long established LDL-C goals, a strategy which no longer seems valid. PCSK9 (proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9) inhibitors have emerged as the add-on therapy on top of statins and/or ezetimibe for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and ASCVD prevention. In several clinical trials, PCSK9 inhibitors have demonstrated their safety and robust LDL-C-lowering power. One completed cardiovascular (CV) outcomes trial (FOURIER; Further Cardiovascular Outcomes Research with PCSK9 Inhibitions in Subjects with Elevated Risk) has demonstrated that PCSK9 inhibition reduces rates of CV death as well as non-fatal stroke and MI, while another major CV outcome trial is under way (ODYSSEY-OUTCOMES). Several trials studying CV benefits of novel LDL-C-lowering therapies are also being conducted. Prompt revision of ACC/AHA guidelines is necessary. In the meantime, physicians need to use clinical judgment integrating the most recent evidence into their practice.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Nov 17 2017|
- ASCVD prevention
- PCSK9 inhibitors
ASJC Scopus subject areas