Incarcerated youth with personality disorders

Prevalence, comorbidity and convergent validity

Katie Kaszynski, Diana L. Kallis, Niranjan Karnik, Marie Soller, Scott Hunter, Rudy Haapanen, James Blair, Hans Steiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence and comorbidities of personality disorders among incarcerated juveniles and to investigate the validity of these results. Method: A sample of 790 incarcerated youth (650 boys and 140 girls; mean age=16.8years) completed an assessment of Axis II diagnoses (Structured Interview for DSM-IV Personality). Subjects also completed secondary questionnaires assessing anger-irritability (Youth Self-Report (YSR)), aggression (YSR), delinquency (Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-2), and distress and restraint (Weinberger Adjustment Inventory). Results: Personality disorders can be found among incarcerated youth at high rates. Many meet the criteria for more than one personality disorder. Those with personality disorders have significant elevations of anger-irritability, aggression, delinquency, and distress and reduced restraint compared with incarcerated youth without a personality disorder. Conclusions: Results indicate that personality disorders can be found in incarcerated youth at high rates. These findings further our understanding of chronic psychiatric illness and possibly criminal recidivism in this at-risk population. Addition of personality measures in the assessment of delinquents may assist in the development of more effective interventions. Furthermore, the supportive convergent validity of these findings in a population younger than 18years may indicate a need to reassess the current rationale for the diagnosis of Axis II disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-51
Number of pages10
JournalPersonality and Mental Health
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Personality Disorders
Comorbidity
Anger
Aggression
Self Report
Personality
Social Adjustment
Reproducibility of Results
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Psychiatry
Chronic Disease
Interviews
Equipment and Supplies
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Phychiatric Mental Health

Cite this

Incarcerated youth with personality disorders : Prevalence, comorbidity and convergent validity. / Kaszynski, Katie; Kallis, Diana L.; Karnik, Niranjan; Soller, Marie; Hunter, Scott; Haapanen, Rudy; Blair, James; Steiner, Hans.

In: Personality and Mental Health, Vol. 8, No. 1, 02.2014, p. 42-51.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kaszynski, K, Kallis, DL, Karnik, N, Soller, M, Hunter, S, Haapanen, R, Blair, J & Steiner, H 2014, 'Incarcerated youth with personality disorders: Prevalence, comorbidity and convergent validity', Personality and Mental Health, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 42-51. https://doi.org/10.1002/pmh.1241
Kaszynski, Katie ; Kallis, Diana L. ; Karnik, Niranjan ; Soller, Marie ; Hunter, Scott ; Haapanen, Rudy ; Blair, James ; Steiner, Hans. / Incarcerated youth with personality disorders : Prevalence, comorbidity and convergent validity. In: Personality and Mental Health. 2014 ; Vol. 8, No. 1. pp. 42-51.
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