Inadvertent exposure of endoscopy patients to viral hepatitis B

R. E. Moncada, Alex Denes, K. R. Berquist, H. A. Fields, B. L. Murphy, J. E. Maynard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During 6 months of surveillance for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in patients undergoing endoscopy in a hospital, 4(2%) of 199 patients were found to be positive. Only 1 of the 4 was previously known to be an HBsAg carrier. The first 5 patients endoscoped after each of 2 HBsAg-positive index patients were followed prospectively for evidence of hepatitis B infection. The endoscope used was routinely cleaned and disinfected (not sterilized) after each use. Transmission of viral hepatitis B was not demonstrated even though the index patients were 'e' antigen positive. Our results show that inadvertent contamination of endoscopes with blood and saliva from HBsAG-positive patients occurs frequently (1.5% of 199 endoscopies) and suggest that meticulous cleaning and disinfection of endoscopes after all procedures may diminish the risk of hepatitis B transmission by this route.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)231-232
Number of pages2
JournalGastrointestinal Endoscopy
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1978
Externally publishedYes

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Hepatitis B
Endoscopy
Endoscopes
Hepatitis B Surface Antigens
Hepatitis B e Antigens
Disinfection
Saliva
Infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Moncada, R. E., Denes, A., Berquist, K. R., Fields, H. A., Murphy, B. L., & Maynard, J. E. (1978). Inadvertent exposure of endoscopy patients to viral hepatitis B. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, 24(5), 231-232. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-5107(78)73518-2

Inadvertent exposure of endoscopy patients to viral hepatitis B. / Moncada, R. E.; Denes, Alex; Berquist, K. R.; Fields, H. A.; Murphy, B. L.; Maynard, J. E.

In: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Vol. 24, No. 5, 1978, p. 231-232.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Moncada, RE, Denes, A, Berquist, KR, Fields, HA, Murphy, BL & Maynard, JE 1978, 'Inadvertent exposure of endoscopy patients to viral hepatitis B', Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 231-232. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-5107(78)73518-2
Moncada RE, Denes A, Berquist KR, Fields HA, Murphy BL, Maynard JE. Inadvertent exposure of endoscopy patients to viral hepatitis B. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. 1978;24(5):231-232. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-5107(78)73518-2
Moncada, R. E. ; Denes, Alex ; Berquist, K. R. ; Fields, H. A. ; Murphy, B. L. ; Maynard, J. E. / Inadvertent exposure of endoscopy patients to viral hepatitis B. In: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. 1978 ; Vol. 24, No. 5. pp. 231-232.
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