IN VIVO EFFECTS OF 5‐FLUOROURACIL AND FTORAFUR[1‐(TETRAHYDROFURAN‐2‐YL)‐5‐FLUOROURACIL] ON MURINE MAMMARY TUMORS AND SMALL INTESTINE

Maria G. Pallavicini, A. M. Cohen, L. A. Dethlefsen, J. W. Gray

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Abstract

The in vivo anti‐tumour and toxic effects of ftorafur (FT) and 5‐fluorouracil (FU) were studied in the C3H mouse. On a molar basis, FU was two to three times more potent than FT with respect to growth inhibition of murine mammary adenocarcinomas. However, FT produced less host toxicity than FU when both drugs were compared at dose levels which produced equivalent anti‐tumor effects. The differences between FT and FU with respect to tumor growth inhibition and host toxicity were reflected in their ability to suppress deoxyuridine incorporation into tumor cell and intestinal DNA, respectively. Flow cytometry (FCM) studies indicated that FT and FU were capable of producing pertubations in the DNA distribution of tumour cells. Both drugs induced an initial accumulation of cells in S phase following their administration at equivalent anti‐tumour dose levels. At later intervals, an apparent block of cell progression at the G1/S boundary was observed. Drug‐induced perturbations in the DNA distribution of tumour cells as detected by FCM correlated with results obtained by classical autoradiographic techniques using tritiated thymidine. Both procedures showed that tumor cells were capable of moving through S phase even in the presence of an apparently near complete inhibition of deoxyuridine incorporation into DNA. That such cells were, in fact, capable of synthesizing DNA at moderate rates was shown by their ability to incorporate 32P into DNA. The possible relationship of these findings to the therapeutic and toxic activities of FT and FU is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-189
Number of pages13
JournalCell Proliferation
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1979

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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