Objectives: Endotracheal tube (ETT) and its inflated cuff are likely to induce specific reactivity at the emergence time. In ICU, the tolerance of the ETT cuff could be a part of patient agitation and increased of sedation. Materials and methods: Using specific ICU ETT cuff (thin polyurethane cuff), we perform an in vitro evaluation of diffusion of lidocaine and alkalinized lidocaine (L-B) across the PU cuff for a long duration. We evaluate the safety of this procedure by a daily injection into the cuff. Results: With lidocaine alone, we observed a low rate of diffusion through the cuff (< 8% over 24. h), whereas the L-B solution had a high diffusion (> 90% over 24. h). The released profiles were similar from day 0 to day 8, and no cuff rupture was reported over the 8-day study. Conclusion: The safety, controlled release, and lack of deleterious effects on cuff membrane were confirmed. In case of unexpected cuff rupture, an adequate determination of the mixture allows to obtain a safe solution with the achievement of a physiological pH (7.4) and the small dose of lidocaine (40. mg).
- Alkalinized lidocaine
- Endotracheal tube
- In vitro
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine