In vitro evaluation of diffusion of lidocaine and alkalinized lidocaine through the polyurethane membrane of the endotracheal tube

J. P. Estebe, M. Treggiari, P. Richebe, A. Joffe, F. Chevanne, P. Le Corre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Endotracheal tube (ETT) and its inflated cuff are likely to induce specific reactivity at the emergence time. In ICU, the tolerance of the ETT cuff could be a part of patient agitation and increased of sedation. Materials and methods: Using specific ICU ETT cuff (thin polyurethane cuff), we perform an in vitro evaluation of diffusion of lidocaine and alkalinized lidocaine (L-B) across the PU cuff for a long duration. We evaluate the safety of this procedure by a daily injection into the cuff. Results: With lidocaine alone, we observed a low rate of diffusion through the cuff (< 8% over 24. h), whereas the L-B solution had a high diffusion (> 90% over 24. h). The released profiles were similar from day 0 to day 8, and no cuff rupture was reported over the 8-day study. Conclusion: The safety, controlled release, and lack of deleterious effects on cuff membrane were confirmed. In case of unexpected cuff rupture, an adequate determination of the mixture allows to obtain a safe solution with the achievement of a physiological pH (7.4) and the small dose of lidocaine (40. mg).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e73-e77
JournalAnnales Francaises d'Anesthesie et de Reanimation
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

Keywords

  • Alkalinized lidocaine
  • Bicarbonate
  • Cuff
  • Endotracheal tube
  • In vitro
  • Lidocaine
  • Polyurethane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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