The 20,000-dalton (20K) variant form of human growth hormone (hGH) present in extracts from pituitary glands differs from the major form of hGH (22K, 191 amino acids) by the deletion of amino acid residues 32–46. Using oligonucleotide-mediated mutagenesis, the DNA coding for these amino acids was deleted from the gene previously constructed by us (Goeddel et al., 1979) for microbial hGH production. The DNA to be deleted was looped out by the annealing of a synthetic oligodeoxyribonucleotide to the coding strand of the hGH gene contained on recombinant phage M13 mp8 DNA. Resulting heteroduplex structures were stabilized using primer-directed in vitro DNA synthesis in the presence of T4 DNA ligase. On transformation of Escherichia coli, these heteroduplex DNAs yielded phage whose genomes contained either the original or the partially deleted hGH gene, and genotypes were distinguished by in situ plaque hybridization with synthetic oligonucleotide probes. A gene with the correct deletion was used to express the short hGH variant in E. coli.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology