Improving the follow-up of positive hemoccult screening tests

An electronic intervention

Linda Humphrey, Jackilen (Jackie) Shannon, Melissa R. Partin, Jean O'Malley, Zunqiu Chen, Mark Helfand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

background: Four population-based studies of screening for CRC with fecal occult blood testing (FOBT) have shown that mortality can be significantly reduced. However, nearly half of all positive screening tests are not appropriately evaluated. Objectives: We evaluated whether an electronic record intervention improved the follow-up of patients with a positive FOBT (FOBT+) result. DESIGN: We conducted a cluster randomized trial involving four Veteran's Affairs (VA) medical centers pair-matched by colonoscopy volume and randomized within the pair to receive the electronic intervention or usual care. Participants: All patients with FOBT+ results at participating facilities during a matched pre- and postintervention time period. Interventions: In the two intervention sites, an electronic consult that imported relevant clinical information was automatically submitted to the gastroenterology (GI) clinic for all FOBT+ patients at the time the result was recorded in the laboratory. In both intervention and control sites (usual care), PCPs continued to be notified of FOBT+ results in the usual manner Measures: Pre- and post-intervention changes in the proportion of FOBT+ patients having: (1) a GI consult or (2) aGI consult plus complete diagnostic evaluation (CDE) of the colon within 30, 90 and 180 days were compared across intervention and control sites. Log rank tests were used to determine statistical significance. RESULTS: The 30-, 90- and 180-day GI consult rates improved 21-33 % (p

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)691-697
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of General Internal Medicine
Volume26
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011

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Occult Blood
Veterans
Gastroenterology
Colonoscopy
Colon
Mortality
Population

Keywords

  • Cancer screeningCancer prevention
  • Colorectal cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Improving the follow-up of positive hemoccult screening tests : An electronic intervention. / Humphrey, Linda; Shannon, Jackilen (Jackie); Partin, Melissa R.; O'Malley, Jean; Chen, Zunqiu; Helfand, Mark.

In: Journal of General Internal Medicine, Vol. 26, No. 7, 07.2011, p. 691-697.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Humphrey, Linda ; Shannon, Jackilen (Jackie) ; Partin, Melissa R. ; O'Malley, Jean ; Chen, Zunqiu ; Helfand, Mark. / Improving the follow-up of positive hemoccult screening tests : An electronic intervention. In: Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2011 ; Vol. 26, No. 7. pp. 691-697.
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