Improvements to harmonic model for extracting better speech features in clinical applications

Meysam Asgari, Izhak Shafran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acoustic properties of speech samples can provide important cues in the assessment of voice pathology and cognitive function. The goal of this study is to develop novel algorithms for robust and accurate estimation of speech features and employ them to build probabilistic speech models for characterizing and analyzing clinical speech. Toward this goal, we adopt a harmonic model (HM) of speech. We overcome certain drawbacks of this model and introduce an improved version of HM that leads us to accurate and reliable estimation of voiced segments, fundamental frequency, HNR, jitter, and shimmer. We evaluate the performance of our improved HM in the context of voicing detection and pitch estimation with other state-of-the-art techniques on the Keele data set. Through extensive experiments on several noisy conditions, we demonstrate that the proposed improvements provide substantial gains over other popular methods under different noise levels and environments. Next, we investigate the utility of developed measures on the speech-based assessment of cognitive impairments including clinical depression and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Our preliminary results on two clinical tasks demonstrate the promise of our improved HM features in practical applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)298-313
Number of pages16
JournalComputer Speech and Language
Volume47
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Modified harmonic model
  • Pitch tracking
  • Voice activity detection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Human-Computer Interaction

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Improvements to harmonic model for extracting better speech features in clinical applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this